FFL License

Glossary of Terms

Once an FFLTRUST customer is preparing himself to take on the FFL License approval process, it’s like they enter a whole new world. This new world comes with a specific terminology and completely new terms that belong to the firearm industry (FFL License Glossary). We have created such a glossary, because we have realized it helps our customers better understand our guides and the entire process. And you’ll see, the better you understand the terms, the easier the FFL approval process will be for you.

1. FFL

– Federal Firearms License

2. ATF (BATFE)

– Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives

3. NFA

– National Firearms Act. This act was passed in 1934 to stop the civilian population from buying “gangster” style firearms, like silencers, short barreled rifles, short barreled shotguns, and others.

4. Long gun

– rifle or shotgun

5. GCA

– Gun Control Act. This is a federal law that has been enacted since 1968. Its aim is managing the firearms industry and weapon owners.

6. NICS

– National Instant Criminal Background Check System. This system was created through the Brady Act. The system is used to run background checks on all firearms transactions.

7. DBA

– This stands literally for “Doing Business As”, meaning your trade name.

8. Hand gun

– a weapon with a short stock that is intended to be held and shot with one single hand.

9. Receiver

– also referred to as the lower receiver. This is the part of the firearm that is serialized. This is the part of your weapon that the ATF considers to be a firearm. This is the part the ATF refers to as a handgun in the FFL transfer purpose

10. Firearm

– any weapon intended to expel a shell by the use of explosives or the casing or receiver of such a weapon. The definition according to the ATF is to be found in the Gun Control Act of 1968 under 18 U.S.C. Section 921(a)(3).

11. A&D Book

– this is the official record of a FFL holder. It is a complete archive on every single firearm that has come in and/or gone out of inventory. This book is mandatory and specifically solicited by ATF. It is possible to have a digital archive as well.

12. Silencer

– any device which dampens the sound of a firearm being fired. The official name given by the ATF, is silencers.

13. Suppressor

– the exact same as a silencer: any device which dampens the sound of a firearm being fired.

14. Transfer tax

– This is the standard tax fee, in the sum of $200 that the government charges a NFA firearm transfer, when the buyer is a non-licensee.

15. NFA Transfer

– Any type of NFA item transfers (SBR, SBS, silencer, machinegun, etc) between two persons or entities. A transfer in which a non-NFA dealer is involved will be charged $200 by the federal government.

16. ATF Form 1

– This is an Application to Manufacture and Register a Firearm. This Form can be submitted by an individual to the ATF, before making an NFA item that will be included into the NFA database.

17. ATF Form 2

– refers to the notice of Manufactured or Imported Firearms. This is a form that is submitted by a dealer to the ATF to include the NFA item into the NFA database.

18. ATF Form 3

– Refers to the Tax-Exempt Transfer of Firearm and Registration to Special Occupational Taxpayer Application for (National Firearms Act). It is commonly used to transfer NFA items (silencers, SBR, SBS, etc.) from dealer to dealer, manufacturer to wholesaler, wholesaler to dealer, etc.

19. ATF Form 4

– This is the application for Tax Paid Transfer and Registration of Firearm. It is commonly used to transfer NFA items (silencers, SBR, SBS, etc.) to a non-licensee

20. ATF Form 5

– Application for Tax Exempt Transfer of Firearm and Registration of Firearm. Commonly used to transfer NFA item tax exempt because (a) the firearms is unserviceable and is being transferred as a curio or ornament (b) firearms is being transferred to or from a government entity (c) firearm is being transferred to a lawful heir (d) other (specify).

21. ATF Form 7

– This is also called ATF F 5310.12. It is the application for a federal firearms license

22. ATF Form 4473

– This is the form used in case of a over-the-counter gun sale

23. FFL Application

– this is also known as Form 7 and the ATF F5310.12. It is the actual set of four (4) forms which must be completed in order to solicit a FFL license

24. Transfer

– this refers to the process of performing a NICS check and asking your client to fill out a 4473 Form in order to check for their eligibility, before being able to sell a firearm to the buyer.

25. Internet FFL Transfer

– it refers to the situation in which, a client buys a firearm over the internet. Once the purchase is complete the firearm, will be sent to a FFL dealer in the state of residence of the buyer. The recipient FFL dealer will then perform the NICS check before giving the buyer his product.

26. Class 3 dealer

– This term, even though a jargon term, refers to the type of FFL dealer that has an SOT upgrade, that allows him to sell some extra NFA items, like: short barreled rifles, silencers etc.

27. SOT

– This is the official term, referring to a FFL holder with an upgrade allowing him to sell other NFA items. The initials stand for: Special Occupational Tax. Also used to refer to the license holder, i.e. SOT Dealer.

28. Class 3 License

– Referring to the class of SOT the dealer has, when the FFL owned is a type 01.

29. Class 2 License

– Referring to the class of SOT the dealer has, when the FFL owned is a type 07.

30. FFL Type 01

– Dealer in Firearms/Gunsmithing

31. FFL Type 02

– Pawnbroker

32. FFL Type 03

– Collector of Curios and Relics

33. FFL Type 06

– Manufacturer of Ammunition for Firearms

34. FFL Type 07

– Manufacturer of Firearms/Ammunition (can buy, sell, make, assemble, repair)

35. FFL Type 08

– Importer of Firearms/Ammunition

36. FFL Type 09

– Dealer in Destructive Devices

37. FFL Type 10

– Manufacturer of Destructive Devices

38. FFL Type 11

– Importer of Destructive Devices

39. Brady law

– this is the law, that FFL dealers must abide by, when selling a gun. It implies running a NICS background check on the buyer in order to complete any firearms transaction.

40. Machine gun

– a weapon which fires, is designed to fires, or can be readily restored to fires automatically by a single function of the trigger; the casing or receiver of such a weapon; a device which can convert a semi-automatic weapon into an automatic weapon (such as an auto sear) or a combination of devices which would achieve the same effect; or a combination of parts from which a machine gun could be manufactured by a person. For the exact definition of a machine gun see 26 U.S.C. § 5845(b).

41. SBR

– Refers to a short barreled rifle. A rifle whose barrel(s) are less than 16 inches in length or a firearm made from a rifle which, after its modifications has an overall length of less than 26 inches or a barrel(s) less than 16 inches. You can find the complete definition by checking out the ATF NFA definition see 26 U.S.C., § 5485(a).

42. SBS

– Refers to a short barreled shotgun. A rifle whose barrel(s) are less of less than 18 inches in length or a weapon made from a rifle which, after its modifications has an overall length of less than 26 inches or a barrel(s) less than 18 inches. You can find the complete definition by checking out the ATF ATF NFA definition see 26 U.S.C. Chapter 53 § 5845(a)(1).

43. Curio/relic (C&R) firearm

– there are three categories, that a firearm must fit into, in order to be a curio/relic. (1) It was produced at least 50 years before the current date, without including replicas thereof, or (2) certified by the curator of a municipal, state, or federal museum which exhibits firearms to be curios or relics of museum interest, or (3) derive a relevant part of their financial value from the fact that they are antique, rare, bizarre, or from the fact of their association with some historical figure, period or event. See 27 CFR 478.11.

44. AOW

– Refers to ‘Any Other Weapon’. This means any firearm or device that can be concealed on the person from which a shot can be fired by means of the energy of an explosive; a pistol or a revolver having a barrel with a smooth bore manufactured or modified to shoot a fixed shotgun projectile; firearms with combination rifle and shotgun barrels, that are 12 inches or more, less than 18 inches in length, from which only a single discharge can be made from either barrel without manual reloading; and any such weapon which can be readily restored to fire. You can find the complete definition by checking out the ATF definition see 26 U.S.C. § 5845(E).

45. Assault weapon

– This is a firearm that is able of automatic shooting (see: machinegun). Still, you should know, that in today’s way of talking, the term “assault weapon” comes up usually in reference to semi-automatic rifles that have cosmetic features to make them look like their fully automatic counterparts.

46. Destructive device

– This refers to any explosive, inflammatory or poison gas; bomb, grenade, rocket having a explosive charge of more than four ounces; missile having an explosive or inflammatory charge of more than one-quarter ounce, mine, or similar device; any type of firearm by whatever name known which will, or which may be easily turned into, expel a shell by the action of an explosive or other stimulus, the barrel or barrels of which have a bore of more than one-half inch in diameter, except a shotgun or shotgun projectile which the Secretary finds is generally recognized as adequate for sporting purposes; and any combination of parts either intended or converted for use in modifying any device and turning it into a injurious device.

47. Title II Weapon

– can be used as a synonym or term for NFA firearms (silencers, machine guns, SBR, SBS, AOW)

48. NFA Gun Trust

– This term refers to an entity constructed, usually by an attorney, to buy NFA firearms. It is usually used, if the buyer is purchasing a larger quantity or intends to loan the NFA item to friends/family. The procedure is quite common when CLEO refuses to sign off a Form 4. The Federal government is currently struggling on closing this loophole, because there is no background check solicited of anyone within the trust of the buyer.

Once an FFLTRUST customer is preparing himself to take on the FFL License approval process, it’s like they enter a whole new world. This new world comes with a specific terminology and completely new terms that belong to the firearm industry (FFL License Glossary). We have created such a glossary, because we have realized it helps our customers better understand our guides and the entire process. And you’ll see, the better you understand the terms, the easier the FFL approval process will be for you.

1. FFL

– Federal Firearms License

2. ATF (BATFE)

– Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives

3. NFA

– National Firearms Act. This act was passed in 1934 to stop the civilian population from buying “gangster” style firearms, like silencers, short barreled rifles, short barreled shotguns, and others.

4. Long gun

– rifle or shotgun

5. GCA

– Gun Control Act. This is a federal law that has been enacted since 1968. Its aim is managing the firearms industry and weapon owners.

6. NICS

– National Instant Criminal Background Check System. This system was created through the Brady Act. The system is used to run background checks on all firearms transactions.

7. DBA

– This stands literally for “Doing Business As”, meaning your trade name.

8. Hand gun

– a weapon with a short stock that is intended to be held and shot with one single hand.

9. Receiver

– also referred to as the lower receiver. This is the part of the firearm that is serialized. This is the part of your weapon that the ATF considers to be a firearm. This is the part the ATF refers to as a handgun in the FFL transfer purpose

10. Firearm

– any weapon intended to expel a shell by the use of explosives or the casing or receiver of such a weapon. The definition according to the ATF is to be found in the Gun Control Act of 1968 under 18 U.S.C. Section 921(a)(3).

11. A&D Book

– this is the official record of a FFL holder. It is a complete archive on every single firearm that has come in and/or gone out of inventory. This book is mandatory and specifically solicited by ATF. It is possible to have a digital archive as well.

12. Silencer

– any device which dampens the sound of a firearm being fired. The official name given by the ATF, is silencers.

13. Suppressor

– the exact same as a silencer: any device which dampens the sound of a firearm being fired.

14. Transfer tax

– This is the standard tax fee, in the sum of $200 that the government charges a NFA firearm transfer, when the buyer is a non-licensee.

15. NFA Transfer

– Any type of NFA item transfers (SBR, SBS, silencer, machinegun, etc) between two persons or entities. A transfer in which a non-NFA dealer is involved will be charged $200 by the federal government.

16. ATF Form 1

– This is an Application to Manufacture and Register a Firearm. This Form can be submitted by an individual to the ATF, before making an NFA item that will be included into the NFA database.

17. ATF Form 2

– refers to the notice of Manufactured or Imported Firearms. This is a form that is submitted by a dealer to the ATF to include the NFA item into the NFA database.

18. ATF Form 3

– Refers to the Tax-Exempt Transfer of Firearm and Registration to Special Occupational Taxpayer Application for (National Firearms Act). It is commonly used to transfer NFA items (silencers, SBR, SBS, etc.) from dealer to dealer, manufacturer to wholesaler, wholesaler to dealer, etc.

19. ATF Form 4

– This is the application for Tax Paid Transfer and Registration of Firearm. It is commonly used to transfer NFA items (silencers, SBR, SBS, etc.) to a non-licensee

20. ATF Form 5

– Application for Tax Exempt Transfer of Firearm and Registration of Firearm. Commonly used to transfer NFA item tax exempt because (a) the firearms is unserviceable and is being transferred as a curio or ornament (b) firearms is being transferred to or from a government entity (c) firearm is being transferred to a lawful heir (d) other (specify).

21. ATF Form 7

– This is also called ATF F 5310.12. It is the application for a federal firearms license

22. ATF Form 4473

– This is the form used in case of a over-the-counter gun sale

23. FFL Application

– this is also known as Form 7 and the ATF F5310.12. It is the actual set of four (4) forms which must be completed in order to solicit a FFL license

24. Transfer

– this refers to the process of performing a NICS check and asking your client to fill out a 4473 Form in order to check for their eligibility, before being able to sell a firearm to the buyer.

25. Internet FFL Transfer

– it refers to the situation in which, a client buys a firearm over the internet. Once the purchase is complete the firearm, will be sent to a FFL dealer in the state of residence of the buyer. The recipient FFL dealer will then perform the NICS check before giving the buyer his product.

26. Class 3 dealer

– This term, even though a jargon term, refers to the type of FFL dealer that has an SOT upgrade, that allows him to sell some extra NFA items, like: short barreled rifles, silencers etc.

27. SOT

– This is the official term, referring to a FFL holder with an upgrade allowing him to sell other NFA items. The initials stand for: Special Occupational Tax. Also used to refer to the license holder, i.e. SOT Dealer.

28. Class 3 License

– Referring to the class of SOT the dealer has, when the FFL owned is a type 01.

29. Class 2 License

– Referring to the class of SOT the dealer has, when the FFL owned is a type 07.

30. FFL Type 01

– Dealer in Firearms/Gunsmithing

31. FFL Type 02

– Pawnbroker

32. FFL Type 03

– Collector of Curios and Relics

33. FFL Type 06

– Manufacturer of Ammunition for Firearms

34. FFL Type 07

– Manufacturer of Firearms/Ammunition (can buy, sell, make, assemble, repair)

35. FFL Type 08

– Importer of Firearms/Ammunition

36. FFL Type 09

– Dealer in Destructive Devices

37. FFL Type 10

– Manufacturer of Destructive Devices

38. FFL Type 11

– Importer of Destructive Devices

39. Brady law

– this is the law, that FFL dealers must abide by, when selling a gun. It implies running a NICS background check on the buyer in order to complete any firearms transaction.

40. Machine gun

– a weapon which fires, is designed to fires, or can be readily restored to fires automatically by a single function of the trigger; the casing or receiver of such a weapon; a device which can convert a semi-automatic weapon into an automatic weapon (such as an auto sear) or a combination of devices which would achieve the same effect; or a combination of parts from which a machine gun could be manufactured by a person. For the exact definition of a machine gun see 26 U.S.C. § 5845(b).

41. SBR

– Refers to a short barreled rifle. A rifle whose barrel(s) are less than 16 inches in length or a firearm made from a rifle which, after its modifications has an overall length of less than 26 inches or a barrel(s) less than 16 inches. You can find the complete definition by checking out the ATF NFA definition see 26 U.S.C., § 5485(a).

42. SBS

– Refers to a short barreled shotgun. A rifle whose barrel(s) are less of less than 18 inches in length or a weapon made from a rifle which, after its modifications has an overall length of less than 26 inches or a barrel(s) less than 18 inches. You can find the complete definition by checking out the ATF ATF NFA definition see 26 U.S.C. Chapter 53 § 5845(a)(1).

43. Curio/relic (C&R) firearm

– there are three categories, that a firearm must fit into, in order to be a curio/relic. (1) It was produced at least 50 years before the current date, without including replicas thereof, or (2) certified by the curator of a municipal, state, or federal museum which exhibits firearms to be curios or relics of museum interest, or (3) derive a relevant part of their financial value from the fact that they are antique, rare, bizarre, or from the fact of their association with some historical figure, period or event. See 27 CFR 478.11.

44. AOW

– Refers to ‘Any Other Weapon’. This means any firearm or device that can be concealed on the person from which a shot can be fired by means of the energy of an explosive; a pistol or a revolver having a barrel with a smooth bore manufactured or modified to shoot a fixed shotgun projectile; firearms with combination rifle and shotgun barrels, that are 12 inches or more, less than 18 inches in length, from which only a single discharge can be made from either barrel without manual reloading; and any such weapon which can be readily restored to fire. You can find the complete definition by checking out the ATF definition see 26 U.S.C. § 5845(E).

45. Assault weapon

– This is a firearm that is able of automatic shooting (see: machinegun). Still, you should know, that in today’s way of talking, the term “assault weapon” comes up usually in reference to semi-automatic rifles that have cosmetic features to make them look like their fully automatic counterparts.

46. Destructive device

– This refers to any explosive, inflammatory or poison gas; bomb, grenade, rocket having a explosive charge of more than four ounces; missile having an explosive or inflammatory charge of more than one-quarter ounce, mine, or similar device; any type of firearm by whatever name known which will, or which may be easily turned into, expel a shell by the action of an explosive or other stimulus, the barrel or barrels of which have a bore of more than one-half inch in diameter, except a shotgun or shotgun projectile which the Secretary finds is generally recognized as adequate for sporting purposes; and any combination of parts either intended or converted for use in modifying any device and turning it into a injurious device.

47. Title II Weapon

– can be used as a synonym or term for NFA firearms (silencers, machine guns, SBR, SBS, AOW)

48. NFA Gun Trust

– This term refers to an entity constructed, usually by an attorney, to buy NFA firearms. It is usually used, if the buyer is purchasing a larger quantity or intends to loan the NFA item to friends/family. The procedure is quite common when CLEO refuses to sign off a Form 4. The Federal government is currently struggling on closing this loophole, because there is no background check solicited of anyone within the trust of the buyer.